Leggiuno is best known for the Hermitage of Santa Caterina del Sasso , but it offers many others interesting places.
The name already anticipates , in its origins , the main feature of the place: Leggiuno derives most probably from the Celtic terms Leze ( feet) and Dunum ( hill fort ) , meaning ” at the foot of the hill ” , the historic center Mirasole located at the foot of the hill , amongst the hills and Lake Maggiore .
Nearby there are many lawns, farms and forests, which enhance the rural origin . It was this, an important area both in Roman times in the Middle Ages, in fact the main church which is located in the heart of the country, dating back to the ninth century.
It is a church facade rather curious , so I want to focus on its history . It was founded in the ninth century by the royal vassal Eremberto who dedicated it to the two holy warriors which had shifted relics from Rome , entrusted by the Pope : they were Saints Primus and Felician .
The church is a masterpiece of Romanesque art, with its bell tower still original and well preserved. The facade is the historical summary of the structure: the profile is in the hut, then as the medieval churchyard and inscriptions placed on one side , but there are also Roman are two columns with Corinthian capitals, a portal and a round window in brick, flavor century : all elements preserved and repositioned at a later date , probably in the seventeenth century , as suggested by the lintel that frames the entire set .
So a church that has endured over the years and that the faithful have “adapted ” to their tastes over time, is comuming up to us in this curious form . The documents reveal that Leggiuno from 864 AD until 1965 was a parish church , a place that is important from the point of view of religion, he belonged to the Church of S. Clement on Mount Sangiano .
Leggiuno includes the villages of the Rhine and Arolo , the lake, and those of Cellina , Ballarate , Ghirate , Woods and Marzaro . Its small nucleos located within easy walking distance of each other , which is pleasant to walk or ride a bike because they retain , architecture, ancient testimonies of country life.
You can still find many homes in rural courtyard , open or closed , with walls made of local stone , with deep loggias facing south and west to get the heat without the disadvantage of exposure to direct sunlight, with gratings for ventilation of barns forming a decorative note in harmony with the whole and with the surrounding nature.
Duration: about 1 h
Lenght: about 1 km